What happened in Ladakh between China and India
For the last many decades, India and China have been refusing to recognize each other’s claim on the mountains and passes stretching around 500 miles along the Himalayas. There have been battles and skirmishes numerous times, but no lives were lost in the last few decades, until the early weeks of June 2020. It happened on Monday, 15th of June 2020 in the high Ladakh region after a month-long standoff between the two neighbors along the disputed border of the Ladakh area. The border stretches between Nepal and Kashmir Region in the North of India and South of China. This disputed border is known as the line of actual control (LAC). This skirmish was between the two regional superpowers, India being the largest democracy in the world, and the 2nd largest country, population-wise, in the world. Whereas, China on the other side is the world’s 2nd considered superpower and no doubt the superpower in the region. Now both the countries are nuclear powers as well and have been in clashes since their independence from the mid of the 20th century.
What is the most interesting thing is, the fighting between the military of two highly equipped armies was not with any modern weapon like guns, rockets, etc. The deadliest battle between the two was sides, since the last 45 years, was with fists, sticks, and rocks/stones.
Geographical aspects of Indian-China border in Ladakh
There are four Indian states and one union territory that share the Indian border with China, including the union territory of Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. This border is known as Line of Actual Control (LAC); however, this is a loose demarcation line. The total length of this Sino-Indian border is 4,056 km. Now it is divided into three sectors, the Eastern sector which includes the borders of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector, including Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and the western sector in Ladakh. Both the troops have engaged in battles in the border region of Ladakh, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh, due to which the clouds of war always hover over the two nuclear powers. But the standoff between the two sides at Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh is the worst border tension. On the other side of the border china’s lately occupied autonomous region of Tibet is located.
What occupied by which country
In 2019 Indian BJP government stripped Kashmir state of its special status and the whole region is now divided into two main union territories one in Jammu and Kashmir and the other is Ladakh. In the region of Ladakh, the north-eastern part of Ladakh is under china control which was occupied by China in 1962 Sino-India war known as Aksai Chin. Aksai Chin is currently administered by China as part of its Xinxiang region and Tibet autonomous region and this part of the region is claimed by India as part of Ladakh. The actual place this military standoff is the Galway valley, a valley on the border of Aksai Chin and Ladakh.