Both the countries agree to disengage, after a long week diplomatic effort
Both the countries have agreed to disengage in a meeting on Monday, 22 June. The meeting between the two sides lasted almost 11 hours after a deadly crash last week, on June 15. Since 1975, this was the first time that troops have been killed on the borders. Following the deadly crash, the already on the stacked relationship witnessed a huge blow. Chinese foreign ministry spokesman, Zhao Lijian said that the talks happened between the top regional military commanders, and both sides agreed to de-escalate the situations to the still point where it was before the skirmish. There was no official comment from the Indian civil government, but an Indian army source revealed that after the 11 hour-long meetings, there was a mutual consensus to disengage.
What happened in Ladakh between China and India on Monday, June 15
It was the time of high tension from 1960 to 1962 when Chinese and Indian armies were always ready for offensive and defensive movement over the disputed Himalayan border. In 1962, when all diplomatic efforts failed between the two sides, a battle started between the two armies on the eastern sector of their border, Arunachal Pradesh and the western sector, Ladakh, resulted in the victory of China. China captured a large area of Aksai Chin in the Ladakh region and now is administered by the Chinese authorities. For the last few decades, conditions over there are under control but patrolling is done by both sides in order to have an eye on the other side, following the lack of trust. This border is called the Line of actual control (LAC).
There are four Indian states and one union territory that share the Indian border with china’s administered autonomous region of Tibet on the other side, including the union territory of Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. This border is known as Line of Actual Control (LAC); however, this is a loose demarcation line and is of the length of 4056 km. Now it is divided into three sectors, the Eastern sector which includes the borders of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector, including Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and the western sector in Ladakh.
The ongoing month of June witnessed a deadly clash between the two armies in the western sector, that is Ladakh region, somewhere around 15000 feet above the sea level, at Galway valley. There have been battles and skirmishes numerous times, but no lives were lost in the last few decades, until the early weeks of June 2020. It happened on Monday, 15th of June 2020 in the high Ladakh region after a month-long standoff between the two neighbors along the disputed border of the Ladakh area. The most surprising part is, the fighting between the military personals of two highly equipped armies was not with any modern weapons, instead the deadliest battle between the two was sides, since last 45 years, was with fists, sticks and rocks/stones, and claimed 20 casualties on the Indian side, and more than 20, according to Indian media, whereas, China rejected the Indian claim.