What is Blood pressure BP

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basic understanding of Blood Pressure.

The pressure exerted by circulating blood on the walls, per unit area, of blood vessels is called blood pressure. When the heart pumps the blood in a circulating system, this pressure is by the blood due to the pulsing of the heart. Used without further specification, “blood pressure” usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation in the Circulatory system of the body.

Blood pressure is one of the important signs to monitor to have determined the physical condition of a person. With regular checkups of your blood pressure, you can have a better and healthier life, as blood pressure other than normal can create life-threatening conditions for anyone.

Before we proceed further, we should have a concise idea of what blood pressure is and what low and high blood pressure is. However, the main focus will be on lowering blood pressure, but understanding the basics can assist you in having taking care of every complexity of blood pressure.

It is known that blood is pumped by the heart in our circulatory system, blood helps in taking oxygenated blood to every part of the body and also assists in getting raw gases and material from cell. The heart pumps blood by contraction, that contraction exerts a force on the walls of the arteries known as systolic blood pressure, in which heart pumps oxygenated blood. Diastolic is the blood pressure on the walls of arteries when it rests.

Blood Pressure Status

CategoriesSystolic BP  Diastolic BP
Severe low BP50 – 59 mmHg33 – 39 mmHg
Serious low BP60 – 89 mmHg40 – 49 mmHg
Borderline low BP90 – 109 mmHg50 – 69 mmHg
Normal Blood Pressure110 – 119 mmHg60 – 79 mmHg
Prehypertension120 – 139 mmHg80 – 89 mmHg
Stage 1 High BP140 – 159 mmHg90 – 99 mmHg
Stage 2 High BP160 – 180 mmHg100 – 110 mmHg
Hypertensive CrisisHigher than 180 mmHgHigher than 110 mmHg

 

Low blood pressure

 Low blood pressure is a worrying condition, as it can be a threat to life if proper treatment and medication are not rendered. The causes of low blood pressure range from dehydration, blood loss, and some surgical disorders. If the origin of the low blood pressure is determined rightly, it can easily be managed.

High Blood pressure

Due to different activities, physical and mental status, blood pressure varies and fluctuates constantly, but If your BP is normal and it remarkably rises, second and third readings are taken by professionals before it becomes an issue of concern. If it continues, instantaneous medical attention is needed. 

When a person grows old, high blood pressure becomes more eminent. Faulty lifestyle, poor diet, obesity, and familial history can be the contributing factors of high blood pressure. In some cases, certain diseases or conditions become the cause of high blood pressure, that’s why Hypertension has two main types.

Primary High Blood Pressure

Primary hypertension is also called Essential high blood pressure. The causes of the 95 % cases of primary high blood pressure is unknown, but it is referenced to a physical disturbance in the body, including electrolyte imbalances, arteriosclerosis, and atherosclerosis.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary high blood pressure is normally caused by specific conditions such as heart and kidney disease. additionally, some over-the-counter medicines including birth control pills also increase blood pressure. Therefore, it is very important to consult a doctor before taking any medication.

How to lower high blood pressure?

There can be many ways through which one can lower blood pressure, but two main are: 

  1. A natural way of lowering blood pressure
  2. Through medicines 

A natural way of lowering blood pressure

Some people are always concerned about taking medicines for every issue their body have, they always ask how they could avoid medicines as much as possible. Most of the people always come across with many irresponsible ideas from the internet and try them, but they do not get what they want, because they are not at the right platform. Blood pressure controlling is 70 percent dependent on lifestyle and 30 % on medications, if you do not want to change your deteriorated lifestyle then do not go for medicines as well, because they won’t work. 

Weight loss can help in lowering blood pressure

By getting to your standard bodyweight, you can lower blood pressure by about six millimeters of mercury in the studies that have looked at it, however, another rule of thumb that we can use is that for every kilogram that an individual loses, their blood pressure is decreased by one millimeter of mercury. 

Nutritional or dietary patterns

Other things that we can think about are nutritional or dietary patterns, the most studied blood pressure natural intervention for blood pressure. Dash diet (- diet) is the most followed studied for blood pressure. The essential is that it is essentially a well-balanced moderation. Plenty of fruits and vegetable as it tends to more and more towards the Mediterranean dietary pattern, but it is also low sodium and that really brings us to the next component that can be said from a lifestyle perspective is the most important part of the blood pressure management, that is making sure that an individual is on a low-sodium diet.

Now there is a different level of sodium out there that different organization suggests as the maximum sodium a day. US cardiac association recommends 1500 grams of sodium daily, but senior doctors suggest that one can have sodium from 1500 to 2300 milligrams a day, as it makes only the difference of two to three millimeters of mercury. Hence, try your best to have less than 2300 milligrams of sodium a day. Sodium means salt of every kind, as salt contains sodium, so it is very important to have a balanced-sodium diet for better blood pressure. The initial study on sodium intake and blood pressure shows, low sodium diet is worth about one and a half two blood pressure medicines.

So is a very powerful way of lowering blood pressure. Potassium is a different case, as too much sodium diet causes high blood pressure, whereas a low potassium diet also causes high blood pressure. So it is important to understand that your diet should be filled with potassium. However, for kidney patients, potassium diet is not good, therefore, if you are having renal issues, you get your hands off the potassium food.

Physical activities

Physical activities are necessary for health; Everyone knows this fact. What physical activities are important for lowering blood pressure are needed to be pointed out. The first is moderate aerobic physical activity, which means a brisk walk or a light jog. However, guideline recommendation suggests at least 150-minute moderate-intensity physical activity a week. Once you achieve this a very nice addition, and another way to lower blood pressure, to this is with light resistance activities. Some lightweight can be very effective in lowering blood pressure and does not need to be done every day, in fact just 2 to 3 days 20 to 30 minutes is more than enough. And one last thing is that more alcohol intake can also cause elevated blood pressure.

 

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Through medicines

We do not recommend medicines, for those who want to have medicines, here are the drugs used for lowering blood pressure.

  1. amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel)
  2. diltiazem (Cardizem CD, Cardizem SR, Dilacor XR, Tiazac)
  3. felodipine (Plendil)
  4. isradipine (DynaCirc, DynaCirc CR)
  5. nicardipine (Cardene SR)
  6. nifedipine (Adalat CC, Procardia XL)
  7. nisoldipine (Sular)
  8. verapamil (Calan SR, Covera HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan)

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