China wants to have full control of the whole valley, that is withdrawal of the Indian Army
At the corps commander talks on June 6 and June 22, a demand has come forward from Chinese side that is the withdrawal of Indian personnel and facilities from Galwan valley. Indian top-level News paper The Hindu quoted officials from China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and Indian foreign affairs ministry as saying on Wednesday. After the both sides agreed to resolve the existing situation peacefully, the statements from China came. This all followed talks through video conference on Wednesday under the working mechanism for consultation and coordination on border affairs, the Hindu revealed in a posting from its reporter in Beijing.
The Ministry of Indian foreign affairs told the media that both the sides discussed in detail the development in the India-China border areas, specifically the situation in eastern Ladakh. India conveyed its concerns on the June 15 deadly clash, that claimed 20 Indian Army lives, and emphasized that both sides should strictly practice the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
However, China’s statement is a bit different which points to sharp differences on where the LAC lies in Galwan valley. The valley starts from the convergence of the Galwan Valley and Shyok rivers, and the LAC that both sides had been practicing stretches east of the junction, in the valley. China wants India to withdraw from the whole valley and wants to limit the presence of the Indian army to the estuary of the Galwan river where Galwan meets the Shyok river. On the other side Indian Foreign ministry said that China’s claims over the whole valley were exaggerated and unarguable. Indian foreign ministry showed concerns for the de-escalation of the current situations, as MEA said agreeing on resolving the issue by sincerely implementing the understandings and disengagement would assist in ensuring peace and tranquility in border area, and would be helpful in the broader relationships between the two countries. Whereas, at the same time China’s ministry of foreign affairs’ spokesperson Zhao Lijian said, “It is Indian side that went against the bilateral agreement. The Indian side at first agreed to withdraw personnel from Galwan valley which it did, and it dismantled its facilities as requested by the Chinese side”.
Geographical angles of Indian-China border in Ladakh
There are four Indian states and one union territory that share Indian border with china, including the union territory of Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. This border is known as Line of Actual Control (LAC); however, this is a loose demarcation line. The total length of this Sino-Indian border is 4,056 km.
There have been battles and skirmishes numerous times, but no lives were lost in the last few decades, until the early weeks of June 2020. It happened on Monday, 15th of June 2020 in the high Ladakh region after a month-long standoff between the two neighbors along the disputed border of Ladakh area. What is the most interesting thing is, the fighting between the military of two highly equipped armies was not with any modern weapon like guns, rockets etc. The deadliest battle between the two was sides, since last 45 years, was with fists, sticks and rocks/stones.